Time to be aware of MOBILE PHONE CRIMES!
By: Viraj Khemani
Telecommunications in India have evolved up to a great extent starting from its introduction in 1882 to the introduction of mobile technology in 1995. And then to the emerging trend of Smartphone’s post 2005 period. Similarly, with the advancement of technology, crimes over technological grounds have also evolved. Mobile technology over the years has evolved upto a large extent be it on grounds of flexibility or portability.
Security measures too have improved, but not at the desired expected rate to absolutely curb crime rates. The fact that tops the list is that people fail to believe that they can be victims to such crimes. Crime committed using modern technological tools are generally known as cyber crimes. The broadest way to deliver the true meaning of cyber crime is “any crime wherein computer is either used as a tool or a weapon.” On general lines, computers are considered to be of laptop or desktop in form.
However, as Wikipedia defines it, “a computer is a general purpose device that can be programmed to carry out a finest set of arithmetic or logical operation.”
Kinds of Mobile Crimes
Hacking in simple terms means an illegal intrusion into a computer system and/or network. There is an equivalent term to hacking i.e. cracking. Every act committed towards breaking into a mobile, communication devices, computer and/or network is hacking. Hackers write or use ready-made computer programs to attack the target computer, mobile and/or communication devices.
This kind of crime has become widely prevalent across the world today. Criminals send derogatory, humiliative and obscene SMS or email by using their mobiles, cell pones and Mobile Pornography. The Internet is being highly used by its abusers to reach and abuse children sexually, worldwide. The internet is very fast becoming a household commodity. As more homes have access to internet, more children would be using the mobiles, communications devices, internet. And more are the chances of falling victim to the aggression of pedophiles.
It is using mobile phone could be brought specifically within the ambit of section 67B of the amended Indian Information Technology Act 2000. The said act is a crime, punishable with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to 5 years and with fine which may extend to 10 lakh rupees. Identity Theft. Mobile phone is used for the identity theft and criminals commit the crimes such as subscription fraud etc. using various communication devices.
Cloning or re-chapping of mobile:
A clone is an analogue mobile phone which has been programmed to impersonate one owned by a legitimate subscriber by using its ESN and telephone number (these numbers are usually obtained by interception with a ‘scanner’ radio, theft of a dealer’s or service provider’s records or directly from the impersonated phone). New types of cloned phones are coming to the UK from the USA and Hong Kong: ‘tumbling’ phones automatically seek an identity from a pre-programmed list, and the most recent ‘magic’ phones act as their own scanners copying identities from nearby phones in use.
Mobiles Cyber Stalking:
Stalking can be defined as the repeated acts, harassment or threatening behavior of the cyber-criminal towards the victim by using mobiles internet services. Stalking in general terms can be referred to as the repeated acts of harassment targeting the victim. Example- following the victim, making harassing phone calls, killing the victims pet, vandalizing victims property, leaving written messages or objects.
Stalking may be followed by serious violent acts such as physical harm to the victim. And the same has to be treated and viewed seriously. It all depends on the course of conduct of the stalker. Denial of service Attack. This is an act by the criminal, who floods the bandwidth of the victim’s network or fills his email box with spam mail depriving him of the services he is entitled to access or provide.
Mobiles Virus Dissemination
A mobile virus is an electronic virus that targets mobile phones or other communication devices. In typical mobile virus dissemination malicious software attaches itself to other software. Mobile, Software Piracy Theft of mobile software through the illegal copying of genuine programs or the counterfeiting and distribution of products intended to pass for the original.
Mobiles Credit Card Fraud
The unauthorized and illegal use of a credit card through mobile to purchase products and /or services.
It refers to the act of targeting mobile phone users by phishing emails that appear to come from mobile service providers. This further includes the act of sending an e-mail to a user falsely claiming to be an established legitimate enterprise. This is in an attempt to scam the user into surrendering private information that will be used for identity theft.
Edited by Megha Jain.