Introduction: Financial Disclosures under the LLP Act
Chapter VII of the Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008, addresses the topic of financial disclosures under LLP Act. A Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) is a unique form of business association, providing the benefits of limited liability while allowing members the flexibility to structure their internal affairs similar to a partnership. In this act:
- There is no limit on the maximum number of partners.
- Rights and duties of partners are governed by the LLP agreement.
- Partners are agents of the LLP but not of other partners.
- Individuals or body corporates can become partners in LLPs.
Financial Disclosures (Sections 34-41):
Section 34: Maintenance of books of account, other records, and audit.
Every LLP is required to maintain relevant books of account on a double-entry accounting method and prepare them on both cash and accrual bases. These books must accurately reflect the financial position of the LLP and comply with LLP obligations.
Statement of Account and Solvency:
This includes a comprehensive summary of the LLP’s financial position, consisting of statements of assets and liabilities. LLPs must prepare and file a statement of account and solvency within six months from the end of the financial year.
Auditing of Accounts:
LLPs whose turnover exceeds Rs. 40 lakhs or whose contribution exceeds Rs. 25 lakhs in any financial year must have their accounts audited by a Chartered Accountant.
Qualification and Appointment of Auditors:
Only Chartered Accountants are eligible for appointment as auditors of LLPs. Auditors are preferably appointed before the end of the financial year.
Remuneration, Change, and Resignation of Auditors:
The remuneration of auditors is determined by designated partners or according to the LLP agreement. LLPs have the flexibility to change auditors as needed, and auditors can resign by providing notice to the LLP.
Conclusion: Financial Disclosures under the LLP Act
Chapter VII of the LLP Act, 2008, outlines the requirements for financial disclosures, emphasizing the importance of accurate accounting and reporting for LLPs to maintain transparency and compliance with regulatory standards.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): Financial Disclosures under the LLP Act
Q1. What are the requirements for maintaining books of account under the LLP Act?
Answer: The LLP Act mandates the maintenance of accurate books of account using double-entry accounting, as outlined in Section 34.
Q2. When is an LLP required to file a statement of account and solvency?
Answer: LLPs must prepare and file a statement of account and solvency within six months from the end of the financial year, in compliance with Sections 34-41.
Q3. What are the criteria for auditing accounts under the LLP Act?
Answer: Auditing is required for LLPs with turnovers exceeding Rs. 40 lakhs or contributions over Rs. 25 lakhs, as per Section 34-41 provisions.
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